E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
An old regal title revived by the sultan in 1867, who granted it to Ismael I., who succeeded as Pasha of Egypt in 1863. The title is higher than viceroy, but not so high as sultan. (Turkish, khidiv; Persian, khidiw, king; and khidwi, viceroy.) Pronounce ke-dive, in 2 syl.