E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
like St. Denis, is represented as carrying his head between his hands. His attributes are a sword and a crown.
St. Aphrodisius, St. Aventine, St. Desideriue. St. Chrysolius, St. Hilarian, St. Leo, St. Lucanus. St. Lucian, St. Proba, St. Solangia, and several other martyrs, are represented as carrying their heads in their hands. An artists bungling way of identifying a headless trunk.