E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
means charcoal-burners, a name assumed by a secret political society in Italy (organised 18081814). Their place of muster they called a hut; its inside, the place for selling charcoal; and the outside, the forest. Their political opponents they called wolves. Their object was to convert the kingdom of Naples into a republic. In the singular number, Carbonaro. (See CHARBONNERIE.)