E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Chatterton, Thomas (b. Bristol, November 20th, 1752, d. Holborn, August 25th, 1770).
Wrote various piecesascribed by him to one Thomas Rowleywhich were first published in a collective form by Thomas Tyrwhitt, in 1777, under the title of The Poems supposed to have been written at Bristol by Thomas Rowley and Others in the Fifteenth Century, with an Introductory Account of the several Pieces, and a Glossary. This was followed, in 1778, by Chattertons Miscellanies in Prose and Verse, and in 1784 by a Supplement to the Miscellanies of Thomas Chatterton. Of the bitter and protracted controversy that arose upon the question of the authenticity of the Poems, an account is given in Kippiss Biographia Britannica, a list of the principal pamphlets published in the course of the dispute being contained in Lowndess Bibliographers Manual under the heading of Rowley. Editions of the Poems were issued in 1803, 1842, 1865, and 1871, but see Poetical Works by Thomas Chatterton, with Essay on the Rowley Poems, by Prof. W. Skeat, and Memoir by Edward Bell (1875). For Biography, see the Lives by Gregory (1789), Davis (1809), Dix (1837), Martin (1865), Wilson (1869), and Masson (1875). For Criticism, see the Essays by Tyrwhitt, Southey, Warton, Campbell, Scott, Masson, Wilson, etc.