E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Xanthos [reddish yellow].
Achilles wonderful horse. Being chid by his master for leaving Patroclos on the field of battle, the horse turned his head reproachfully, and told Achilles that he also would soon be numbered with the dead, not from any fault of his horse, but by the decree of inexorable destiny. (Iliad, xix.) (Compare Numbers xxii. 2830.)
Xanthos and Balios (swift as the wind) were the offspring of Podarg the harpy and Zephyros. (See HORSE.)
Xanthos, the river of Troas. Elian and Pliny say that Homer called the Scamander Xanthos or the Goldred river, because it coloured with such a tinge the fleeces of sheep washed in its waters. Others maintain that it was so called because a hero named Xanthos defeated a body of Trojans on its banks, and pushed half of them into the stream, as in the battle of Blenheim the Duke of Marlborough drove the French into the Danube.
Xanthus. A large shell like those ascribed to the Tritons. The volutes generally run from right to left; and if the Indians find a shell with the volutes running in the contrary direction, they persist that one of their gods has got into the shell for concealment.