Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Violet-crowned City.

 Violet (Corporal).Violin. 
CONTENTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
 
Violet-crowned City.
 
Aristophns calls Athens iotaosigmatauεphialphanuozeta (Equits, 1323 and 1329), and again in the Acharnians, 637. Macaulay uses the phrase, “city of the violet crown.” Ion (a violet) was a representative king of Athens, whose four sons gave names to the four Athenian classes; and Greece in Asia Minor was called “Ion-ia.” Athens was the city of Ion, crowned king, and hence the “Ion crowned” or violet-crowned.   1
   Similarly Paris is called the “City of Lilies,” by a pun on the word Louis (lys, a lily).   2
 


 Violet (Corporal).Violin. 

 
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