Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Tarpe’ian Rock.

 Tarpaulins or Tars.Tarred. 
CONTENTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
 
Tarpe’ian Rock.
 
So called from Tarpeia, a vestal virgin, the daughter of Spurius Tarpeius, g’overnor of the citadel on the Capit’oline Hill. Tarpeia agreed to open the gates to the Sabines if they would give her “what they wore on their arms” (meaning their bracelets). The Sabines, “keeping their promise to the ear,” crushed her to death with their shields, and she was buried in that part of the hill called the Tarpeian Rock. Subsequently, traitors were cast down this rock and so killed.   1
       
“Bear him to the rock Tarpeian, and from thence
Into destruction cast him.”
       
Shakespeare: Coriolanus, iii. 1
 


 Tarpaulins or Tars.Tarred. 

 
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