Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Symbols of Saints.

 SymbolSymbolism of Colours, 
CONTENTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
 
Symbols of Saints.
 
       
SAINTS.
       
SYMBOLS.
AgathaCarrying her breasts in a dish.
AgathonA book and crozier.
AgnesA lamb at her side.
Anasta’siaA palm branch.
AndrewA saltire cross.
AnneA book in her hand.
AnthonyA tau cross, with a bell at the end, and a pig by his side.
Apollo’niaA tooth and palm branch. She is applied to by those who suffer from toothache.
Asaph and AydanA crozier.
BarbaraA book and palm branch.
BarnabasA staff in one hand and an open book in the other; or a rake.
BartholomewA knife; ora processional cross.
BlaiseIron combs, with which his body was torn to pieces.
BridgetA crozier and book.
CatherineAn inverted sword, or large wheel.
CeciliaPlaying on a harp or organ
ChristopherA gigantic figure carrying Christ over a river
ClareA palm branch
ClementA papal crown, or an anchor. He was drowned with an anchor tied round his neck; also a pot
CrispinandCrispianTwo shoemakers at work
CuthbertSt. Osbald’s head in his hand
DavidA leek, in commemoration of his victory over the Saxons
DenysHolding his mitred head in his hand
DorothyCarrying a basket of fruit
Edward the ConfessorCrowned with a nimbus, and holding a sceptre
ElizabethSt. John and the lamb at her feet
FaithA gridiron
FelixAn anchor
FlowerHer head in her hand, and a flower sprouting out of her neck
FrancisA seraph inflicting the five wounds of Christ; or a lily on a trampled globe
FyacreArrayed in a long robe, praying and holdings his beads in one hand
GabrielA flower-pot full of lilies between him and the Virgin
GeorgeMounted on horseback, and transflxing a dragon
GilesA bind, with its head in the saint’s lap
IgnatiusThe monogram I.H.S. on the breast or in the sky, circled with a glory. Fairhold says the mystery of the Trinity was thus revealed to him
James the GreaterA pilgrim’s staff; or a scallop shell
       
SAINTS.
       
SYMBOLS.
James the LessA fuller’s pole. He was killed by Simon the fuller
John BaptistA camel-hair garment, small rude cross, and a lamb at his feet
John EvangelistA chalice, out of which a dragon or serpent is issuing, and an open book; or a young man with an eagle in the background. (Ezekiel vii. 1–10.)
JeromeA blue hat, and studying a large folio volume
JudeWith a club or lance
JulianFerrying travellers across a stream
LawrenceA book and gridiron
LouisA king kneeling, with the arms of France at his feet; a bishop blessing him, and a dove descending on his head
LoyA crozier and hammer. He is the patron saint of smiths
LucyWith a short staff in her hand and the devil behind her; or with eyes in a dish. (See LUCY.)
LukeSitting at a reading-desk, beneath which appears an ox’s head; or pictorially engaged upon a Bambino. (Ezekiel vii. 1–10.)
MargaretTreading on a dragon, or piercing it with the cross
MarkA man seated writing, with a lion couchant at his feet
MartinOn horseback, dividing his cloak with a beggar behind him on foot
Mary the VirginCarrying the child Jesus, and a lily is somewhere displayed
Mary MagdalenA box of ointment
MatthewWith a halberd, with which Nadabar killed him. As an evangelist, he holds a pen, with which he is writing on a scroll. The most ancient symbol is a man’s face. (Ezekiel vii. 1–10.)
MichaelIn armour, with a cross, or else holding scales, in which he is weighing souls
NicholasA tub with naked infants in it. He is patron saint of children
PaulA sword and a book. Dressed as a Roman
PeterKeys and a triple cross; or a fish; or a cock
PhilipA pastoral staff, surmounted with a cross. He was hung on a tall pillar
RocheA wallet, and a dog with a loaf in its mouth sitting by. He shows a boil in his thigh
SebastianBound to a tree, his arms tied behind him, and his body transfixed with arrows. Two archers stand by his side; sometimes presenting a sheaf of arrows to the Lord
SimonA saw, because he was sawn asunder
StephenA book and a stone in his hand
TheodoraThe devil holding her hand, and tempting her
TheodoreArmed with a halberd in his hand, and with a sabre by his side
ThomasWith a builder’s rule, or a stone in his hand, or holding the lance with which he was slain at Meliapour
Thomas of CanterburyKneeling, and a man behind him striking at him with a sword
UrsulaA book and arrows, She was shot through with arrows by the Prince of the Huns
(See A POSTLES, EVANGELISTS, etc.)   1
       
Symbolsof other sacred characters.
AbrahamAn old man grasping a knife, ready to strike his son Isaac, who is bound on an altar. An angel arrests his hand, and a ram is caught in the thicket
DavidKneeling, above is an angel with a sword. Sometimes he is represented playing a harp
EsauWith bow and arrows, going to meet Jacob
JobSitting naked on the ground, with three friends talking to him
JosephConversing with his brothers Benjamin is represented as a mere boy
Judas IscariotWith a money bag. In the last supper he has knocked over the salt with his right elbow
JudithWith Holofernes head in one hand, and a sabre in the other
NoahIs represented as looking out of the ark window at a dove, which is flying to the ark, olive branch in its beak
King SaulIs represented as arrayed in a rich tunic and crowned. A harp is placed behind him
SolomonIs represented in royal robes, standing under an arch.
 


 SymbolSymbolism of Colours, 

 
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