E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Six. Six thrice or three dice.
Everything or nothing. Cæsar aut nullus. The Greeks and Romans used to play with three dice. The highest throw was three sixes, and the lowest three aces. The aces were left blank, and three aces were called three dice. (See CÆSAR.)