E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
The four higher subjects of scholastic philosophy up to the twelfth century. It embraced music, arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy. The quadrivium was the fourfold way to knowledge; the trivium (q.v.) the threefold way to eloquence; both together comprehended the seven arts or sciences. The seven arts or sciences. The seven arts are enumerated in the following hexameter: