E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
A fichu, piece of velvet for the neck, or small neck-tie, made at Barcelona, and common in
England in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. Also a neckcloth of some bright colour, as red with yellow spots.
And on this handkerchief so starch and white
She pinned a Barcelona black and tight.
Peter Pindar: Portfolio (Dinah).
A double Barcelona protected his neck.Scott: Peveril of the Peak (Prefatory Letter.)