Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Pledge.

 Pleb’iscite (3 syl.).Plei’ades (3 syl.) 
CONTENTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
 
Pledge.
 
I pledge you in this winei.e. I drink to your health or success.   1
       
“Drink to me only with thine eyes,
And I will pledge with mine.”
       
Ben Jonson (translated from Philostratus) second century.
   To pledge. To guarantee. Pledging a drinker’s security arose in the tenth century, when it was thought necessary for one person to watch over the safety of a companion while in the act of drinking. It was by no means unusual with the fierce Danes to stab a person under such circumstances.   2
       
“If I
Were a huge man, I should fear to drink at meals,
Lest they should spy my windpipe’s dangerous notes.
Great men should drink with harness on their throats.”
       
Timon of Athens, i. 2.
 


 Pleb’iscite (3 syl.).Plei’ades (3 syl.) 

 
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