E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Son of Tantalos, cut to pieces and served as food to the gods. The Morea was called Peloponnesos or the island of Pelops, from this mythical king.
The ivory shoulder of the sons of Pelops. The distinguishing or distinctive mark of anyone. The tale is that Demeter ate the shoulder of Pelops when it was served up by Tantalos, and when the gods put the body back into the cauldron to restore it to life, he came forth lacking a shoulder. Demeter supplied an ivory shoulder, and all his descendants carried this mark in their bodies. (See PYTHAGORAS.)