E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Patron saint of preachers and tentmakers. Originally called Saul. The name was changed in honour of Sergius Paulus, whom he converted.
His symbol are a sword and open book, the former the instrument of his martyrdom, and the latter indicative of the new law propagated by him as the apostle of the Gentiles. He is represented of short stature, with bald head and grey, bushy beard.
Born at Giscalis, a town of Judæa, from which he removed, with his parents, to Tarsus, of Cilicia.
Tribe, that of Benjamin.
Taught by Gamaliel.
Beheaded by a sword in the fourteenth year of Nero. On the same day as Peter was crucified.
Buried in the Ostian Way. (See Eusebius: Hieronymus.)