E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
Pagan Works of Art.
In Rome there are numerous works of art intended for Pagan deities and Roman emperors perverted into Christian notabilities.
ANGELS, in St. Peters of Rome, are old Pagan statues of Cupids and winged genii.
GABRIED, in St. Peters of Rome, is an old Pagan statue of the god Mercury.
JOHN THE BAPTIST, in St. Peters of Rome, is made out of a statue of Herculs.
ST. CATHERINE, in St. Peters of Rome, is made out of a statue of the goddess Fortna.
ST. GILES (or EGIDIUS), in St. Peters of Rome, is a statue of Vulcan.
ST. PAUL. Sixtus V. perverted the original statue of Marcus Aurlius Antonnus into that of St. Paul. This beautiful marble column, 170 feet in height, contains a spiral of bas-reliefs of the wars of the Roman emperor, wholly out of character with the statue which surmounts it.
ST. PETER. The same Pope (Sixtus V.) converted the original statue of Trajan, on Trajans column, into a statue of St. Peter. This exquisite column, like that of Antonnus, contains a spiral of bas-reliefs, representing the wars of Trajan. Surmounted by St. Peter, the perversion is absolutely ludicrous. In St. Peters of Rome the statue of St. Peter was meant for the old Roman god Jupiter.
VIRGIN MARY. This statue, in St. Peters of Rome, is in reality a statue of Isis, standing on the crescent Moon.