E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
The Poles are the vintagers in Normandy. The Norman vintage consists of apples beaten down by poles. The French say, En Normandie lon vendange avec la gaule, where gaule is a play on the word Gaul, but really means a pole.
The Gem of Normandy. Emma, daughter of Richard I. (*-1052.)