E. Cobham Brewer 18101897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
A man who has not been married, Probably from baccalaris, a man employed on a grazing-farm (Low Latin, bacca, for vacca, a cow). French, bachelier, bachelette (a damsel).
A Bachelor of Arts. The student who has passed his examination, but is not yet of standing to be a master. Formerly the bachelor was the candidate for examination. The word used to be spelt bachiller; thus in the Proceedings of the Privy Council, vol. i. p. 72, we read:The king ordered that the bachillers should have reasonable pay for their trouble.
Froissart styles Richard II. le jeune damoisel Richart. The Italian is donzella.