Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Marks in Grammar and Printing.

 Mark’s Eve (St.).Marks of Gold and Silver. 
CONTENTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
 
Marks in Grammar and Printing.
 
Printers’ marks on the first page of a sheet are called Signatures. (See LETTERS AT FOOT OF PAGE.)   1
   Serifs are the strokes which finish off Roman letters, top and bottom. A, B, C, are “block” letters, or “sans serifs.”   2
   .. over the second of two vowels, as aërial, is called “diæresis,” and in French, trema.   3
   ’ An acute accent. In Greek it indicates a rise in the voice. It was not used till Greek became familiar to the Romans.   4
   ‘ A grave accent. In Greek it indicates a fall of the voice. It was not used till Greek became familiar to the Romans.   5
   ” over a vowel, as ö, ü, is called in German zweipunct.   6
   • over a vowel, as å, is called in Danish umlauf.   7
   ≃ A circumflex over the letter n (as Oñoro), in Spanish, is called a tilde (2 syl.). A circumflex in French indicates that a letter has been abstracted, as être for “estre.   8
   t between two hyphens in French, as parle-t-il? is called “t ephelcystic.” (See N.)   9
   & The Tironian sign (q.v.). (See AND.)   10
   - Hyphen, as horse-guards.   11
   - joining a pronoun to its verb in French, as irai-je, donnait-on, is called le trait d’union.   12
   , under the letter c in French, is called a cedilla, and indicates that the letter = s. (See PRINTERS’ MARKS.)   13
   A pilcrow, to call attention to a statement.   14
   ¶ A blind P, marks a new paragraph indirectly connected with preceding matter.   15
   () Called parentheses, and   16
   [] Called brackets, separate some explanatory or collateral matter from the real sequence.   17
   is a comma; ; is a semicolon?: is a colon; . is a point or full stop.   18
   —or … . in the middle or at the end of a sentence is a break, and shows that something is suppressed.   19
 


 Mark’s Eve (St.).Marks of Gold and Silver. 

 
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