Reference > Brewer’s Dictionary > Mandarin’

 Manda’na.Mandeville (Bernard de). 
CONTENTS · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
E. Cobham Brewer 1810–1897. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1898.
 
Mandarin’
 
is not a Chinese word, but one given by the Portuguese colonists at Maca’o to the officials called by the natives Khiouping (3 syl.) It is from the verb mandar (to command).   1
   The nine ranks of mandarins are distinguished by the button in their cap:—1, ruby; 2, coral; 3, sapphire; 4, an opaque blue stone; 5, crystal; 6, an opaque white shell; 7, wrought gold; 8. plain gold; and 9, silver.   2
        “The whole body of Chinese mandarins con&sgrave;ists of twenty-seven members. They are appointed for (1) imperial birth; (2) long service; (3) illustrious deeds; (4) knowledge; (5) ability; (6) zeal; (7) nobility; and (8) aristocratic birth.”—Gutzlay.
 


 Manda’na.Mandeville (Bernard de). 

 
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