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James Wood, comp.  Dictionary of Quotations.  1899.
 
Law Terminology
 
  A facto ad jus non datur consequentia—Inference from the fact to the law is not legitimate.  1
  Ab abusu ad usum non valet consequentia—The abuse of a thing is no argument against its use.  2
  Absurdum est ut alios regat, qui seipsum regere nescit—It is absurd that he should govern others, who knows not how to govern himself.  3
  Accedas ad curiam—You may go to the court. A writ to remove a case to a higher court.  4
  Accusare nemo se debet nisi coram Deo—No man is bound to accuse himself unless it be before God.  5
  Acta exteriora indicant interiora secreta—Outward acts betray the secret intention.  6
  Actus Dei nemini facit injuriam—The act of God does wrong to no man.  7
  Actus me invito factus, non est meus actus.—An act I do against my will is not my act.  8
  Actus non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea—The act does not make a man guilty, unless the mind be guilty.  9
  Ad quæstionem legis respondent judices, ad quæstionem facti respondent juratores—It is the judge’s business to answer to the question of law, the jury’s to answer to the question of fact.  10
  Ad quod damnum—To what damage.  11
  Aliquis non debet esse judex in propria causa—No one may sit as judge in his own case.  12
  Aliud est celare, aliud tacere—To conceal is one thing, to say nothing is another.  13
  Allegans contraria non est audiendus—No one is to be heard whose evidence is contradictory.  14
  Animus furandi—The intention of stealing.  15
  Assumpsit—An action on a verbal promise.  16
  Audi alteram partem—Hear the other party; hear both sides.  17
  Audita querela—The complaint having been investigated.  18
  Beneficium invito non datur—There is no conferring a favour (involving obligation) on a man against his will.  19
  Bona vacantia—Goods that have no owner.  20
 
 
  Cadit quæstio—The question drops, i.e., the point at issue needs no further discussion.  21
  Capias ad respondendum—You may take him to answer your complaint.  22
  Capias ad satisfaciendum—You may take him to satisfy your claim.  23
  Capias—A writ to order the seizure of a defendant’s person.  24
  Caveat actor—Let the doer be on his guard.  25
  Caveat emptor—Let the buyer be on his guard.  26
  Certiorari—To order the record from an inferior to a superior court.  27
  Clausum fregit—He has broken through the enclosure, i.e., committed a trespass.  28
  Cognovit actionem—He has admitted the action.  29
  Commune periculum concordiam parit—A common danger tends to concord.  30
  Consensus facit legem—Consent makes the law.  31
  Consuetudo est altera lex—Custom is a second law.  32
  Consuetudo pro lege servatur—Custom is observed as law.  33
  Corpus delicti—The body of the offence.  34
  Cujus est solum, ejus est usque ad cœlum—He who owns the soil owns everything above it to the very sky.  35
  Damnosa hæreditas—An inheritance which entails loss.  36
  Damnum absque injuria—Loss without injustice.  37
  De medietate linguæ—Of a moiety of languages, i.e., foreign jurymen.  38
  De minimis non curat lex—The law takes no notice of trifles.  39
  Dedimus potestatem—We have given power.  40
  Deliramenta doctrinæ—The crazy absurdities of learned men.  41
  Dies datus—A day given for appearing in court.  42
  Dilationes in lege sunt odiosæ—Delays in the law are odious.  43
  Distringas—You may distrain.  44
  Dolus versatur in generalibus—Fraud deals in generalities.  45
  Donatio mortis causa—A gift made in prospect of death.  46
  Dormit aliquando jus, moritur nunquam—A right is sometimes in abeyance, but never abolished.  47
  Dormiunt aliquando leges, nunquam moriuntur—The law sleeps sometimes, but never dies.  48
  Duces tecum—You must bring with you (certain documents).  49
  Dum se bene gesserit—So long as his behaviour is good.  50
  Elegit—He has chosen. A writ empowering a creditor to hold lands for payment of a debt.  51
  Est pater ille quem nuptiæ demonstrant—He is the father whom the marriage-rites point to as such.  52
  Ex abundante cautela—From excessive precaution.  53
  Ex abusu non arguitur ad usum—There is no arguing from the abuse of a thing against the use of it.  54
  Ex abusu non argumentum ad desuetudinem—The abuse of a thing is no argument for its discontinuance.  55
  Ex desuetudine amittuntur privilegia—Rights are forfeited by disuse.  56
  Ex diuturnitate temporis omnia præsumuntur esse solemniter acta—Everything established for a length of time is presumed to have been done in due form.  57
  Ex facto jus oritur—The law arises out of the fact, i.e., it cannot till then be put in force.  58
  Ex post facto—After the event.  59
  Excerpta—Extracts.  60
  Expressio unius est exclusio alterius—The naming of one man is the exclusion of another.  61
  Fatetur facinus is qui judicium fugit—He who shuns a trial confesses his guilt.  62
  Felo de se—A suicide.  63
  Feme covert—A married woman.  64
  Feme sole—An unmarried woman.  65
  Filius nullius—The son of no one; a bastard.  66
  Fortior et potentior est dispositio legis quam hominis—The disposition of the law is stronger and more potent than that of man.  67
  Frans est celare fraudem—It is a fraud to conceal fraud.  68
  Fugam fecit—He has taken to flight.  69
  Furiosus furore suo punitur—A madman is punished by his own madness.  70
  Hæreditas nunquam ascendit—The right of inheritance never lineally ascends.  71
  Hæres jure repræsentationis—An heir by right of representation.  72
  Hæres legitimus est quem nuptiæ demonstrant—He is the lawful heir whom marriage points out as such.  73
  Habeas corpus ad prosequendum—You may bring up the body for the purpose of prosecution.  74
  Habeas corpus ad respondendum—You may bring up the body to make answer.  75
  Habeas corpus ad satisfaciendum—You may bring up the body to satisfy.  76
  Habeas corpus—A writ to deliver one from prison, and show reason for his detention, with a view to judge of its justice, lit. you may have the body.  77
  Habemus confitentem reum—We have the confession of the accused.  78
  Habere facias possessionem—You shall cause to take possession.  79
  Honestum non est semper quod licet—What is lawful is not always honourable.  80
  Ignorantia facti excusat—Ignorance of the fact excuses.  81
  Ignorantia legis excusat neminem—Ignorance of the law excuses nobody.  82
  Impotentia excusat legem—Inability suspends the action of law.  83
  In æquali jure melior est conditio possidentis—Where the right is equal, the claim of the party in possession is the best.  84
  In casu extremæ necessitatis omnia sunt communia—In a case of extreme emergency all things are common.  85
  In dubiis benigniora semper sunt præferenda—In cases of doubt we should always lean to the side of mercy.  86
  In judicando criminosa est celeritas—In pronouncing judgment, haste is criminal.  87
  In omnibus quidem, maxime tamen in jure, æquitas est—In all things, but particularly in law, regard is to be had to equity.  88
  Incerta pro nullis habetur—What is uncertain is to be treated as non-extant.  89
  Inclusio unius est exclusio alterius—The mention by name of the one implies the exclusion of the other.  90
  Inde datæ leges ne fortior omnia posset—Laws have been ordained to the end that the stronger may not have everything their own way.  91
  Judicandum est legibus, non exemplis—Judgment should be given according to law and not precedent.  92
  Judicata res pro veritate accipitur—A matter that has been adjudged is received as true.  93
  Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata—It is the judge’s duty to decide in accordance with what is alleged and proved.  94
  Judicis est jus dicere non dare—It is the judge’s duty to enunciate the law, not to make it.  95
  Judicium a non suo judice datum nullius est momenti—Judgment given by a judge in a matter outside his jurisdiction is of no legal force.  96
  Judicium parium aut leges terræ—The judgment of our peers or the laws of the land.  97
  Jure repræsentationis—By right of representation.  98
  Jus devolutum—A devolved right, specially of a presbytery in Scotland to present to a benefice, the patron having failed to do so.  99
  Jus in re—A real right.  100
  Jus mariti—The right of a husband.  101
  Jus postliminii—The law of recovery of forfeited rights.  102
  Jus primogenituræ—The right of primogeniture.  103
  Jus proprietatis—The right of property.  104
  Jus regium—Royal right, or right of the Crown.  105
  Jus sanguinis—The right of consanguinity, or blood.  106
  Justitia non novit patrem nec matrem, solum veritatem spectat—Justice knows neither father nor mother; it regards the truth alone.  107
  Latitat—He lurks; a writ of summons.  108
  Leges posteriores priores contrarias abrogant—Later statutes repeat prior contrary ones.  109
  Legis constructio non facit injuriam—The construction of the law does injury to no man.  110
  Lex aliquando sequitur æquitatem—Law is sometimes according to equity.  111
  Lex neminem cogit ad impossibilia—The law compels no one to do what is impossible.  112
  Lex prospicit non respicit—The law is prospective, not retrospective.  113
  Libertas est potestas faciendi id quod jure licet—Liberty consists in the power of doing what the law permits.  114
  Lubricum linguæ non facile in pœnam est trahendum—A slip of the tongue ought not to be rashly punished.  115
  Mala grammatica non vitiat chartam—Bad grammar does not vitiate a deed.  116
  Malum prohibitum—A crime because forbidden by law, such as smuggling.  117
  Malus usus est abolendus—An evil custom should be abolished.  118
  Mandamus—We enjoin. A writ issuing from the Queen’s Bench, commanding certain things to be done.  119
  Me non solum piget stultitiæ meæ, sed etiam pudet—I am not only annoyed at my folly, I am ashamed of it.  120
  Melior est conditio possidentis—The condition of the party in possession, or the defendant, is the better of the two.  121
  Melior tutiorque est certa pax, quam sperata victoria—A certain peace is better and safer than an expected victory.  122
  Meliores priores—The better first.  123
  Mensa et toro—From bed and board.  124
  Misera est servitus ubi jus est aut vagum aut incognitum—Obedience to the law is a hardship where the law is either unsettled or unknown.  125
  Mittimus—We send. A writ for transferring records from one court to another; a precept committing an accused person to prison by a justice of the peace.  126
  Mos pro lege—Usage, or custom, for law.  127
  Mutatis mutandis—After making the necessary changes.  128
  Ne exeat regno—Let him not go out of the kingdom. (A writ to prevent a person leaving the country).  129
  Nemo allegans suam turpitudinem audiendus est—No one testifying to his own baseness ought to be heard.  130
  Nemo dat quod non habet—Nobody can give what he does not legally possess.  131
  Nemo debet bis puniri pro uno delicto—No man shall be twice punished for the same offence.  132
  Nemo debet bis vexari pro una et eadem causa—No one shall be molested twice for one and the same cause.  133
  Nemo debet esse judex in propria causa—No one ought to be judge in his own cause.  134
  Nemo ex proprio doto consequitur actionem—No man can sue at law upon his own fraud.  135
  Nemo patriam in qua natus est exuere nec ligeantiæ debitum ejurare possit—No one can cast off his native country or abjure his allegiance to his sovereign.  136
  Nemo potest mutare consilium suum in alterius injuriam—No one can change what he proposes to enact to the damage of another.  137
  Nemo præsumitur alienam posteritatem suæ prætulisse—No one is presumed to have preferred another’s offspring to his own.  138
  Nemo punitur pro alieno delicto—No one must be punished for the fault of another.  139
  Nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare—No one is held bound to criminate himself.  140
  Nihil potest rex nisi quod de jure potest—The king can do nothing but what the law allows.  141
  Nihil quod est inconveniens est licitum—Nothing which is inconvenient is lawful.  142
  Nil debet—He owes nothing.  143
  Nil dicit—He says nothing, i.e., he has no defence to make.  144
  Nil dictum quod non dictum prius—There can be nothing said now which has not been said before.  145
  Nil temere novandum—Make no rash innovations.  146
  Nimia subtilitas in jure reprobatur, et talis certitudo certitudinem confundit—Too much subtlety in law is condemned, and such certainty destroys certainty.  147
  Nolle prosequi—To be unwilling to prosecute.  148
  Non assumpsit—He did not assume.  149
  Non constat—This does not appear.  150
  Non decipitur qui scit se decipi—He is not deceived who is knowingly deceived.  151
  Non liquet—It is not clear.  152
  Non obstante veredicto—The verdict notwithstanding.  153
  Nudum pactum—A mere agreement.  154
  Nullum tempus occurrit regi—No lapse of time bars the rights of the crown.  155
  Nullus commodum capere potest de injuria sua propria—No one can take advantage of wrong committed by himself.  156
  Omne actum ab agentis intentione judicandum—Every act is to be judged of by the intention of the agent.  157
  Omnia præsumuntur rite et solenniter esse acta—All things are presumed to have been done duly and in the usual manner.  158
  Omnis pœna corporalis, quamvis minima, major est omni pœna pecuniaria, quamvis maxima—The slightest corporal punishment falls more heavily than the largest pecuniary penalty.  159
  Per quod servitium amisit—For loss of his or her services.  160
  Pity weakness and ignorance, bear with the dulness of understandings, or perverseness of tempers.  161
  Poeta nascitur, non fit—A poet is born, not made.  162
  Posse comitatus—The power of the county, which the sheriff has the power to raise in certain cases.  163
  Privatorum conventio juri publico non derogat—No bargain between individuals derogates from a law.  164
  Privilegium est quasi privata lex—Privilege is as it were private law.  165
  Prohibetur ne quis faciat in suo, quod nocere potest in alieno—No one is allowed to do on his own premises what may injure those of a neighbour.  166
  Protectio trahit subjectionem, et subjectio protectionem—Protection involves allegiance, and allegiance protection.  167
  Publicum bonum privato est præferendum—The public good must be preferred to private.  168
  Quantum meruit—As much as he deserved.  169
  Qui jure suo utitur, neminem lædit—He who enjoys his own right injures no man.  170
  Qui non prohibet quod prohibere potest assentire videtur—He who does not prevent what he can prevent is held to consent.  171
  Qui peccat ebrius luat sobrius—He that commits an offence when drunk shall pay for it when he is sober.  172
  Qui tacet consentire videtur—He who is silent professes consent.  173
  Quum talis sis, utinam noster esses!—How I wish you were one of us, since I find you so worthy!  174
  Rectus in curia—Upright in the court, i.e., having come out of it with clean hands.  175
  Relegare bona religionibus—To bequeath one’s property for religious purposes.  176
  Respondeat superior—Let the principal answer.  177
  Rex datur propter regnum, non regnum propter regem. Potentia non est nisi ad bonum—A king is given for the sake of the kingdom, not the kingdom for the sake of the king. His power is only for the public good.  178
  Rex nunquam moritur—The king never dies.  179
  Salus populi suprema est lex—The well-being of the people is the supreme law.  180
  Scandalum magnatum—An offence against the nobility or a person in high station.  181
  Scire facias—Cause it to be known.  182
  Semel malus, semper præsumitur esse malus—Once bad is to be presumed always bad.  183
  Sic utere tuo ut alienum non lædas—So use what is your own as not to injure what is another’s.  184
  Solo cedit, quicquid solo plantatur—Whatever is planted in the soil goes with it.  185
  Solvit ad diem—He paid to the day.  186
  Sub pœna—Under a penalty.  187
  Sublata causa tollitur effectus—The cause removed, the effect is also.  188
  Sui juris—Of his own right.  189
  Super subjectam materiam—Upon the matter submitted.  190
  Supersedeas—You may supersede.  191
  Sursum corda—Lift up your hearts.  192
  Ubi jus incertum, ibi jus nullum—Where the law is uncertain there is no law.  193
  Ubi jus, ibi remedium—Where there is a right there is a remedy.  194
  Ubi major pars est, ibi est totum—Where the greater part is, there the whole is.  195
  Ultra posse nemo obligatur—Nobody can be bound to do beyond what he is able to do.  196
  Ut metus ad omnes, pœna ad paucos perveniret—That fear may reach all, punish but few.  197
  Venire facias—Cause to come. (Writ of a sheriff to summon a jury.)  198
  Vetustas pro lege semper habetur—Ancient custom is always held as law.  199
  Via trita, via tuta—The beaten path is the safe path.  200
  Vigilantibus, non dormientibus, subveniunt jura—The laws assist those who watch, not those who sleep.  201
  Volenti non fit injuria—An injury cannot be done to a consenting party, i.e., if he consents or connives, he cannot complain.  202
  Who loves me, loves my dog.  203
  Worldly affairs, which my friends thought so heavy upon me, they are most of them of our own making, and fall away as soon as we know ourselves.  204
 
 
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