Note 2. The lily I condemnèd for thy hand: i.e., condemns the lily for having stolen the whiteness of thy hand. [back]
Note 3. And buds of marjoram: cf. Sucklings Tragedy of Brennoralt, act iv. sc. 1:
Hair curling, and coverd like buds of marjoram;
Part tied in negligence, part loosely flowing.
Mr. H. C. Hart tells me, writes Prof. Dowden (The Sonnets of Shakespeare, p. 214), that buds of marjoram are dark purple-red before they open, and afterwards pink; dark auburn, I suppose, would be the nearest approach to marjoram in the colour of hair. Mr. Hart suggests that the marjoram has stolen not colour, but perfume from the young mans hair. Gervase Markham gives sweet marjoram as an ingredient in The water of sweet smells, and Culpepper says marjoram is much used in all odoriferous waters. Cole (Adam in Eden, ed. 1657) says Marjerome is a chief ingredient in most of those powders that Barbers use, in whose shops I have seen great store of this herb hung up. [back]
Note 4. On thorns did stand: an old proverbial phraseto stand on thorns. [back]
Note 5. A vengeful canker eat him: cf. Venus and Adonis, line 1,656: