It seems to me, Alexey Alexandrovitch said languidly, and with no haste, that thats the same thing. In my opinion, influence over another people is only possible to the people which has the higher development, which
But thats just the question, Pestov broke in in his bass. He was always in a hurry to speak, and seemed always to put his whole soul into what he was saying: In what are we to make higher development consist? The English, the French, the Germans, which is at the highest stage of development? Which of them will nationalise the other? We see the Rhine provinces have been turned French, but the Germans are not at a lower stage! he shouted. There is another law at work there.
But are they fully known? Sergey Ivanovitch put in with a subtle smile. It is the accepted view now that real culture must be purely classical; but we see most intense disputes on each side of the question, and there is no denying that the opposite camp has strong points in its favour.
I am not expressing my own opinion of either form of culture, Sergey Ivanovitch said, holding out his glass with a smile of condescension, as to a child. I only say that both sides have strong arguments to support them, he went on, addressing Alexey Alexandrovitch. My sympathies are classical from education, but in this discussion I am personally unable to arrive at a conclusion. I see no distinct grounds for classical studies being given a pre-eminence over scientific studies.
I cannot quite agree with that, responded Alexey Alexandrovitch. It seems to me that one must admit that the very process of studying the forms of language has a peculiarly favourable influence on intellectual development. Moreover, it cannot be denied that the influence of the classical authors is in the highest degree moral, while, unfortunately, with the study of the natural sciences are associated the false and noxious doctrines which are the curse of our day.
Sergey Ivanovitch would have said something, but Pestsov interrupted him in his rich bass. He began warmly contesting the justice of this view. Sergey Ivanovitch waited serenely to speak, obviously with a convincing reply ready.
But, said Sergey Ivanovitch, smiling subtly, and addressing Karenin, one must allow that to weigh all the advantages and disadvantages of classical and scientific studies is a difficult task, and the question which form of education was to be preferred would not have been so quickly and conclusively decided if there had not been in favour of classical education, as you expressed it just now, its moraldisons le motanti-nihilist influence.
If it had not been for the distinctive property of antinihilistic influence on the side of classical studies, we should have considered the subject more, have weighed the arguments on both sides, said Sergey Ivanovitch with a subtle smile, we should have given elbow-room to both tendencies. But now we know that these little pills of classical learning possess the medicinal property of anti-nihilism, and we boldly prescribe them to our patients. But what if they had no such medicinal property? he wound up humorously.
At Sergey Ivanovitchs little pills, every one laughed; Turovtsin in especial roared loudly and jovially, glad at last to have found something to laugh at, all he ever looked for in listening to conversation.
Stepan Arkadyevitch had not made a mistake in inviting Pestsov. With Pestsov intellectual conversation never flagged for an instant. Directly Sergey Ivanovitch had concluded the conversation with his jest, Pestsov promptly started a new one.
I cant agree even, said he, that the government had that aim. The government obviously is guided by abstract considerations, and remains indifferent to the influence its measures may exercise. The education of women, for instance, would naturally be regarded as likely to be harmful, but the government opens schools and universities for women.
I consider, on the contrary, that the two questions are inseparably connected together, said Pestsov; it is a vicious circle. Woman is deprived of rights from lack of education, and the lack of education results from the absence of rights. We must not forget that the subjection of women is so complete, and dates from such ages back that we are often unwilling to recognise the gulf that separates them from us, said he.
You said rights, said Sergey Ivanovitch, waiting till Pestsov had finished, meaning the right of sitting on juries, of voting, of presiding at official meetings, the right of entering the civil service, of sitting in parliament
But if women, as a rare exception, can occupy such positions, it seems to me you are wrong in using the expression rights. It would be more correct to say duties. Every man will agree that in doing the duty of a juryman, a witness, a telegraph clerk, we feel we are performing duties. And therefore it would be correct to say that women are seeking duties, and quite legitimately. And one can but sympathise with this desire to assist in the general labour of man.
How about the proverb? said the prince, who had a long while been intent on the conversation, his little comical eyes twinkling. I can say it before my daughters: her hair is long, because her wit is
If the story of such a girl were thoroughly sifted, you would find she had abandoned a familyher own or a sisters, where she might have found a womans duties, Darya Alexandrovna broke in unexpectedly in a tone of exasperation, probably suspecting what sort of girl Stepan Arkadyevitch was thinking of.
But we take our stand on principle as the idea, replied Pestsov in his mellow bass. Woman desires to have rights, to be independent, educated. She is oppressed, humiliated by the consciousness of her disabilities.
And Im oppressed and humiliated that they wont engage me at the Foundling, the old prince said again, to the huge delight of Turovtsin, who in his mirth dropped his asparagus with the thick end in the sauce.