Henry Fielding. (17071754). The History of Tom Jones.
The Harvard Classics Shelf of Fiction. 1917.
Book XVIII. Containing about Six Days
VIII. Further Continuation
THE GENTLEMAN who now arrived was no other than Mr. Western. He no sooner saw Allworthy, than, without considering in the least the presence of Mrs. Waters, he began to vociferate in the following manner: Fine doings at my house! A rare kettle of fish I have discovered at last! who the devil would be plagued with a daughter? Whats the matter, neighbour? said Allworthy. Matter enough, answered Western: when I thought she was just a coming to; nay, when she had in a manner promised me to do as I would ha her, and when I was a hoped to have had nothing more to do than to have sent for the lawyer, and finished all; what do you think I have found out? that the little b hath bin playing tricks with me all the while, and carrying on a correspondence with that bastard of yours. Sister Western, whom I have quarrelled with upon her account, sent me word ot, and I ordered her pockets to be searched when she was asleep, and here I have got un signed with the son of a whores own name. I have not had patience to read half ot, for t is longer than one of Parson Supples sermons; but I find plainly it is all about love; and indeed what should it be else? I have packed her up in chamber again, and to-morrow morning down she goes into the country, unless she consents to be married directly, and there she shall live in a garret upon bread and water all her days; and the sooner such a b breaks her heart the better, though, dn her, that I believe is too tough. She will live long enough to plague me. Mr. Western, answered Allworthy, you know I have always protested against force, and you yourself consented that none should be used. Ay, cries he, that was only upon condition that she would consent without. What the devil and doctor Faustus! shant I do what I will with my own daughter, especially when I desire nothing but her own good? Well, neighbour, answered Allworthy, if you will give me leave, I will undertake once to argue with the young lady. Will you? said Western; why that is kind now, and neighbourly, and mayhap you will do more than I have been able to do with her; for I promise you she hath a very good opinion of you. Well, sir, said Allworthy, if you will go home, and release the young lady from her captivity, I will wait upon her within this half-hour. But suppose, said Western, she should run away with un in the meantime? For lawyer Dowling tells me there is no hopes of hanging the fellow at last; for that the man is alive, and like to do well, and that he thinks Jones will be out of prison again presently. How! said Allworthy; what, did you employ him then to enquire or to do anything in that matter? Not I, answered Western, he mentioned it to me just now of his own accord. Just now! cries Allworthy, why, where did you see him then. I want much to see Mr. Dowling. Why, you may see un an you will presently at my lodgings; for there is to be a meeting of lawyers there this morning about a mortgage. Icod! I shall lose two or dree thousand pounds, I believe, by that honest gentleman, Mr. Nightingale. Well, sir, said Allworthy, I will be with you within the half-hour. And do for once, cries the squire, take a fools advice; never think of dealing with her by gentle methods, take my word for it those will never do. I have tired um long enough. She must be frightened into it, there is no other way. Tell her Im her father; and of the horrid sin of disobedience, and of the dreadful punishment of it in tother world, and then tell her about being locked up all her life in a garret in this, and being kept only on bread and water. I will do all I can, said Allworthy; for I promise you there is nothing I wish for more than an alliance with this amiable creature. Nay, the girl is well enough for matter othat, cries the squire; a man may go farther and meet with worse meat; that I may declare oher, thof she be my own daughter. And if she will but be obedient to me, there is narrow a father within a hundred miles o the place, that loves a daughter better than I do; but I see you are busy with the lady here, so I will go huome and expect you; and so your humble servant.
As soon as Mr. Western was gone Mrs. Waters said, I see, sir, the squire hath not the least remembrance of my face. I believe, Mr. Allworthy, you would not have known me neither. I am very considerably altered since that day when you so kindly gave me that advice, which I had been happy had I followed. Indeed, madam, cries Allworthy, it gave me great concern when I first heard the contrary. Indeed, sir, says she, I was ruined by a very deep scheme of villany, which if you knew, though I pretend not to think it would justify me in your opinion, it would at least mitigate my offence, and induce you to pity me: you are not now at leisure to hear my whole story; but this I assure you, I was betrayed by the most solemn promises of marriage; nay, in the eye of heaven I was married to him; for, after much reading on the subject, I am convinced that particular ceremonies are only requisite to give a legal sanction to marriage, and have only a wordly use in giving a woman the privileges of a wife; but that she who lives constant to one man, after a solemn private affiance, whatever the world may call her, hath little to charge on her own conscience. I am sorry, madam, said Allworthy, you made so ill a use of your learning. Indeed, it would have been well that you had been possessed of much more, or had remained in a state of ignorance. And yet, madam, I am afraid you have more than this sin to answer for. During his life, answered she, which was above a dozen years, I most solemnly assure you I had not. And consider, sir, on my behalf, what is in the power of a woman stript of her reputation and left destitute; whether the good-natured world will suffer such a stray sheep to return to the road of virtue, even if she was never so desirous. I protest, then. I would have chose it had it been in my power; but necessity drove me into the arms of Captain Waters, with whom, though still unmarried, I lived as a wife for many years, and went by his name. I parted with this gentleman at Worcester, on his march against the rebels, and it was then I accidentally met with Mr. Jones, who rescued me from the hands of a villain. Indeed, he is the worthiest of men. No young gentleman of his age is, I believe, freer from vice, and few have the twentieth part of his virtues; nay, whatever vices he hath had, I am firmly persuaded he hath now taken a resolution to abandon them. I hope he hath, cries Allworthy, and I hope he will preserve that resolution. I must say, I have still the same hopes with regard to yourself. The world, I do agree, are apt to be too unmerciful on these occasions; yet time and perseverance will get the better of this their disinclination, as I may call it, to pity; for though they are not, like heaven, ready to receive a penitent sinner; yet a continued repentance will at length obtain mercy even with the world. This you may be assured of, Mrs. Waters, that whenever I find you are sincere in such good intentions, you shall want no assistance in my power to make them effectual.
Mrs. Waters fell now upon her knees before him, and, in a flood of tears, made him many most passionate acknowledgments of his goodness, which, as she truly said, savoured more of the divine than human nature.
Allworthy raised her up, and spoke in the most tender manner, making use of every expression which his invention could suggest to comfort her, when he was interrupted by the arrival of Mr. Dowling, who, upon his first entrance, seeing Mrs. Waters, started, and appeared in some confusion; from which he soon recovered himself as well as he could, and then said he was in the utmost haste to attend counsel at Mr. Westerns lodgings; but, however, thought it his duty to call and acquaint him with the opinion of counsel upon the case which he had before told him, which was that the conversion of the moneys in that case could not be questioned in a criminal cause, but that an action of trover might be brought, and if it appeared to the jury to be the moneys of plaintiff, that plaintiff would recover a verdict for the value.
Allworthy, without making any answer to this, bolted the door, and then, advancing with a stern look to Dowling, he said, Whatever be your haste, sir, I must first receive an answer to some questions. Do you know this lady?That lady, sir! answered Dowling, with great hesitation. Allworthy then, with the most solemn voice, said, Look you, Mr. Dowling, as you value my favour, or your continuance a moment longer in my service, do not hesitate nor prevaricate; but answer faithfully and truly to every question I ask.Do you know this lady?Yes, sir, said Dowling, I have seen the lady. Where, sir? At her own lodgings.Upon what business did you go thither, sir; and who sent you? I went, sir, to enquire, sir, about Mr. Jones. And who sent you to enquire about him? Who, sir? why, sir, Mr. Blifil sent me. And what did you say to the lady concerning that matter? Nay, sir, it is impossible to recollect every word. Will you please, madam, to assist the gentlemans memory? He told me, sir, said Mrs. Waters, that if Mr. Jones had murdered my husband, I should be assisted by any money I wanted to carry on the prosecution, by a very worthy gentleman, who was well apprized what a villain I had to deal with. These, I can safely swear, were the very words he spoke.Were these the words, sir? said Allworthy. I cannot charge my memory exactly, cries Dowling, but I believe I did speak to that purpose.And did Mr. Blifil order you to say so? I am sure, sir, I should not have gone on my own accord, nor have willingly exceeded my authority in matters of this kind. If I said so, I must have so understood Mr. Blifils instructions. Look you, Mr. Dowling, said Allworthy; I promise you before this lady, that whatever you have done in this affair by Mr. Blifils order I will forgive, provided you now tell me strictly the truth; for I believe what you say, that you would not have acted of your own accord and without authority in this matter.Mr. Blifil then likewise sent you to examine the two fellows at Aldersgate?He did, sir. Well, and what instructions did he then give you? Recollect as well as you can, and tell me, as near as possible, the very words he used.Why, sir, Mr. Blifil sent me to find out the persons who were eye-witnesses of this fight. He said, he feared they might be tampered with by Mr. Jones, or some of his friends. He said, blood required blood; and that not only all who concealed a murderer, but those who omitted anything in their power to bring him to justice, were sharers in his guilt. He said, he found you was very desirous of having the villain brought to justice, though it was not proper you should appear in it. He did so? says Allworthy.Yes, sir, cries Dowling; I should not, I am sure, have proceeded such lengths for the sake of any other person living but your worship.What lengths, sir? said Allworthy.Nay, sir, cries Dowling, I would not have your worship think I would on any account, be guilty of subordination of perjury; but there are two ways of delivering evidence. I told them, therefore, that if any offers should be made them on the other side, they should refuse them, and that they might be assured they should lose nothing by being honest men, and telling the truth. I said, we were told that Mr. Jones had assaulted the gentleman first, and that, if that was the truth, they should declare it; and I did give them some hints that they should be no losers.I think you went lengths indeed, cries Allworthy.Nay, sir, answered Dowling, I am sure I did not desire them to tell an untruth;nor should I have said what I did, unless it had been to oblige you.You would not have thought, I believe, says Allworthy, to have obliged me, had you known that this Mr. Jones was my own nephew.I am sure, sir, answered he, it did not become me to take any notice of what I thought you desired to conceal.How! cries Allworthy, and did you know it then?Nay, sir, answered Dowling, if your worship bids me speak the truth, I am sure I shall do it.Indeed, sir, I did know it; for they were almost the last words which Madam Blifil ever spoke, which she mentioned to me as I stood alone by her bedside, when she delivered me the letter I brought your worship from her.What letter? cries Allworthy.The letter, sir, answered Dowling, which I brought from Salisbury, and which I delivered into the hands of Mr. Blifil.O heavens! cries Allworthy: Well, and what were the words? What did my sister say to you?She took me by the hand, answered he, and, as she delivered me the letter, said, I scarce know what I have written. Tell my brother, Mr. Jones is his nephewHe is my son.Bless him, says she, and then fell backward, as if dying away. I presently called in the people, and she never spoke more to me, and died within a few minutes afterwards.Allworthy stood a minute silent, lifting up his eyes; and then, turning to Dowling, said, How came you, sir, not to deliver me this message? Your worship, answered he, must remember that you was at that time ill in bed; and, being in a violent hurry, as indeed I always am, I delivered the letter and message to Mr. Blifil, who told me he would carry them both to you, which he hath since told me he did, and that your worship, partly out of friendship to Mr. Jones, and partly out of regard to your sister, would never have it mentioned, and did intend to conceal it from the world; and therefore, sir, if you had not mentioned it to me first, I am certain I should never have thought it belonged to me to say anything of the matter, either to your worship or any other person.
We have remarked somewhere already, that it is possible for a man to convey a lie in the words of truth; this was the case at present; for Blifil had, in fact, told Dowling what he now related, but had not imposed upon him, nor indeed had imagined he was able so to do. In reality, the promises which Blifil had made to Dowling were the motives which had induced him to secrecy; and, as he now very plainly saw Blifil would not be able to keep them, he thought proper now to make this confession, which the promises of forgiveness, joined to the threats, the voice, the looks of Allworthy, and the discoveries he had made before, extorted from him, who was besides taken unawares, and had no time to consider of evasions.
Allworthy appeared well satisfied with this relation, and, having enjoined on Dowling strict silence as to what had past, conducted that gentleman himself to the door, lest he should see Blifil, who was returned to his chamber, where he exulted in the thoughts of his last deceit on his uncle, and little suspected what had since passed below-stairs.
As Allworthy was returning to his room he met Mrs. Miller in the entry, who, with a face all pale and full of terror, said to him, O! sir, I find this wicked woman hath been with you, and you know all; yet do not on this account abandon the poor young man. Consider, sir, he was ignorant it was his own mother; and the discovery itself will most probably break his heart, without your unkindness.
Madam, says Allworthy, I am under such an astonishment at what I have heard, that I am really unable to satisfy you; but come with me into my room. Indeed, Mrs. Miller, I have made surprizing discoveries, and you shall soon know them.
The poor woman followed him trembling; and now Allworthy, going up to Mrs. Waters, took her by the hand, and then, turning to Mrs. Miller, said, What reward shall I bestow upon this gentlewoman, for the services she hath done me?O! Mrs. Miller, you have a thousand times heard me call the young man to whom you are so faithful a friend, my son. Little did I then think he was indeed related to me at all.Your friend, madam, is my nephew; he is the brother of that wicked viper which I have so long nourished in my bosom.She will herself tell you the whole story, and how the youth came to pass for her son. Indeed, Mrs. Miller, I am convinced that he hath been wronged, and that I have been abused; abused by one whom you too justly suspected of being a villain. He is, in truth, the worst of villains.
The joy which Mrs. Miller now felt bereft her of the power of speech, and might perhaps have deprived her of her senses, if not of life, had not a friendly shower of tears come seasonably to her relief. At length, recovering so far from her transport as to be able to speak, she cried, And is my dear Mr. Jones then your nephew, sir, and not the son of this lady? And are your eyes opened to him at last? And shall I live to see him as happy as he deserves? He certainly is my nephew, says Allworthy, and I hope all the rest.And is this the dear good woman, the person, cries she, to whom all this discovery is owing?She is indeed, says Allworthy.Why, then, cried Mrs. Miller, upon her knees, may Heaven shower down its choicest blessings upon her head, and for this one good action forgive her all her sins, be they never so many!
Mrs. Waters then informed them that she believed Jones would very shortly be released; for that the surgeon was gone, in company with a nobleman, to the justice who committed him, in order to certify that Mr. Fitzpatrick was out of all manner of danger, and to procure his prisoner his liberty.
Allworthy said he should be glad to find his nephew there at his return home; but that he was then obliged to go on some business of consequence. He then called to a servant to fetch him a chair, and presently left the two ladies together.
Mr. Blifil, hearing the chair ordered, came downstairs to attend upon his uncle; for he never was deficient in such acts of duty. He asked his uncle if he was going out, which is a civil way of asking a man whither he is going: to which the other making no answer, he again desired to know when he would be pleased to return?Allworthy made no answer to this neither, till he was just going into his chair, and then, turning about, he saidHarkee, sir, do you find out, before my return, the letter which your mother sent me on her deathbed. Allworthy then departed, and left Blifil in a situation to be envied only by a man who is just going to be hanged.