Verse > Anthologies > Edward Farr, comp. > Jacobean Poetry
Edward Farr, ed.  Select Poetry of the Reign of King James the First.  1847.
The Deity
XLIV. Nathanael Baxter
THERE 1 was one Soueraigne God, which we call Pan,
That cannot be defin’d by mortal man.
Some call him Ioua, for his existence;
Some Elohym, for his excellence;
Some call him Theos, for his burning light;        5
Some call him Deus, for his fearfull might;
Some call him mightie Tetragrammaton,
Of letters fower in composition.
There is no region vnderneath the skie
But by fower letters write the Deitie.        10
For fower is a perfect number square,
And æquall sides in euerie part doth beare.
And God is that, which sometime Good we nam’d,
Before our English tongue was shorter fram’d:
Pan, in the Greeke, the shepheards do him call,        15
Which we do tearm the whole vniuersall:
All in himself, all one, all euerie where,
All in the center, all out, all in the spheare,
All seeing all, all comprehending all,
All blessed, all mightie, all æternall;        20
Comprehended in no circumference,
Of no beginning, nor ending essence;
Not capable of composition,
Qualitie, accident, diuision,
Passion, forme, or alteration;        25
All permanent, without mutation;
Principall mouer, alwaies in action,
Without wearinesse or intermission;
Immortall, and without infirmitie,
Of everlasting splendent maiestie,        30
One in essence, not to be diuided,
Yet into Trinitie distinguished;
Three in one essence, one essence in three,
A wonder, I confesse, too hard for mee;
Yet diuine poets innumerable,        35
At theorems, and demonstrations,
Deliuer it to our contemplations.
The Father, Sonne, and Holy Ghost, these three
Are subsistent persons in the Deitie:
Abba, Ben, Ruach, blessed poets sing,        40
Are the true names of Pan, cœlestiall King.
Note 1. XLIV. Nathanael Baxter.—In 1606 a work was published, entitled “Sir Philip Sydney’s Ourania: That is, Endimion’s Song and Tragedie, containing all Philosophie.” This work has the initials N. B. on the title-page, whence some have supposed that it was written by Nicholas Breton, but it is now known to have been written by Nathaniel Baxter, who was tutor to Sir Philip Sidney. [back]
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