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Matthew Arnold (1822–88).  The Poems of Matthew Arnold, 1840–1867.  1909.
 
Empedocles on Etna, and Other Poems
Memorial Verses
 
APRIL, 1850 1

[First published in Fraser’s Magazine, June, 1850. Reprinted 1852, ’55.]

  GOETHE in Weimar sleeps, and Greece,
Long since, saw Byron’s struggle cease. 2
But one such death remain’d to come.
The last poetic voice is dumb.
What shall be said o’er Wordsworth’s tomb? 3        5
 
  When Byron’s eyes were shut in death,
We bow’d our head 4 and held our breath.
He taught us little: but our soul
Had felt him like the thunder’s roll.
With shivering heart the strife we saw        10
Of Passion with Eternal Law;
And yet with reverential awe
We watch’d the fount of fiery life
Which serv’d 5 for that Titanic strife.
 
  When Goethe’s death was told, 6 we said—        15
Sunk, then, is Europe’s sagest head.
Physician of the Iron Age,
Goethe has done his pilgrimage.
He took the suffering human race,
He read each wound, each weakness clear— 7        20
And struck his finger on the place
And said—Thou ailest here, and here.
He look’d on Europe’s dying hour
Of fitful dream and feverish power;
His eye plung’d down the weltering 8 strife,        25
The turmoil of expiring life;
He said—The end is everywhere:
Art still has truth, take refuge there.
And 9 he was happy, if to know
Causes of things, and far below        30
His feet to see the lurid flow
Of terror, and insane distress,
And headlong fate, be happiness.
 
  And Wordsworth!—Ah, pale Ghosts, rejoice!
For never has such soothing voice        35
Been to your shadowy world convey’d,
Since erst, at morn, some wandering shade
Heard the clear song of Orpheus come
Through Hades, and the mournful gloom.
Wordsworth has 10 gone from us—and ye,        40
Ah, may ye feel his voice as we.
He too upon a wintry clime
Had fallen—on this 11 iron time
Of doubts, disputes, distractions, fears. 12
He found us when the age had bound        45
Our souls in its benumbing round; 13
He spoke, and loos’d our heart in tears. 14
He laid us as we lay at birth
On the cool flowery lap of earth;
Smiles broke from us and we had ease.        50
The hills were round us, and the breeze
Went o’er the sun-lit fields again:
Our foreheads felt the wind and rain.
Our youth return’d: 15 for there was shed
On spirits that had long been dead,        55
Spirits dried up 16 and closely-furl’d,
The freshness of the early world.
 
  Ah, since dark days still bring to light
Man’s prudence and man’s fiery might,
Time may restore us in his 17 course        60
Goethe’s sage mind and Byron’s force:
But where will 18 Europe’s latter hour
Again find Wordsworth’s healing power?
Others will teach us how to dare,
And against fear our breast to steel:        65
Others will strengthen us to bear—
But who, ah who, will make us feel?
The cloud of mortal destiny,
Others will front it fearlessly—
But who, like him, will put it by?        70
 
  Keep fresh the grass upon his grave,
O Rotha! with thy living wave.
Sing him thy best! for few or none
Hears thy voice right, now he is gone.
 
Note 1. April in Title] April 27 Fraser. [back]
Note 2. Goethe died in 1832, Byron at Missolonghi in 1824. [back]
Note 3. We stand to-day at Wordsworth’s tomb Fraser. [back]
Note 4. head] heads Fraser. [back]
Note 5. serv’d] flow’d Fraser. [back]
Note 6. Goethe’s death was told] Goethe pass’d away Fraser. [back]
Note 7. read … weakness was clear—] scann’d … weakness, near, Fraser. [back]
Note 8. weltering] seething Fraser. [back]
Note 9. 29–33: almost a translation of Virgil, Georgics, ii. 490–2. [back]
Note 10. has] is Fraser, 1852. [back]
Note 11. Had … this] Was … the Fraser. [back]
Note 12. 44 first inserted in 1852. [back]
Note 13. Our spirits in a brazen round Fraser. [back]
Note 14. Between 47 and 48 Fraser reads:
He tore us from the prison-cell
Of festering thoughts and personal fears,
Where we had long been doom’d to dwell.
 [back]
Note 15. return’d] came back Fraser [back]
Note 16. dried up] deep-crush’d, Fraser. [back]
Note 17. his] its Fraser. [back]
Note 18. will] shall Fraser. [back]
 
 
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