James Ford Rhodes (18481927). History of the Civil War, 18611865 1917.
I expect to maintain this contest until successful, or till I die, or am conquered, or my term expires, or Congress or the country forsakes me; and I would publicly appeal to the country for this new force were it not that I fear a general panic and stampede would follow, so hard is it to have a thing understood as it really is. The result of Sewards conferences and of his counsel by wire with the President and Secretary of War was a telegram to the governors of the States of the Union, asking them to unite in a letter to the President, in which they should request him to call upon the several States for men enough to speedily crush the rebellion. The governors fell in with the plan; the President accepted the patriotic offer and, after a free interchange of thought between him and Seward and between Seward and the governors, made the call for 300,000 men.1
From June 28 to July 1, Lincoln had no news of McClellan, and was in doubt as to the safety of his army for yet two more days; during this period, he grew thin and haggard. Sumner in despair wrote to Schurz: I wish you were here to tell the President the true way. In vain will he appeal for troops at the North, so it seems to many of us. I have insisted that the appeal shall be made to the slaves and the rear-guard of the rebellion be changed into the advance-guard to the Union.2 A month later, Sumner appreciated the hold Lincoln had on the people, writing to John Bright: The last call for three hundred thousand men is received by the people with enthusiasm, because it seems to them a purpose to push the war vigorously. There is no thought in the Cabinet or the President of abandoning the contest. We shall easily obtain the new levy, wrote Lincoln in a private letter (August 4). In spite of the misfortunes