1. Collected Works
The Collected Works of Samuel Butler. Cambridge English Classics. 3 vols. Ed. Waller, A. R. Vol.1: Hudibras, with variants. 1905. Vol. II: Characters and Passages from Note Books (largely from hitherto unpublished MSS. in the British Museum). 1908. Vol. III: Miscellaneous Poetry and Prose. In preparation.
Hudibras. The First Part. Written in the time of the late wars. Printed by J. G. for Richard Marriot, under Saint Dunstans Church in Fleet-street. 1663. [Published anonymously.]
The Second Part. By the Authour of the First. Printed by T. R. for John Martyn, and James Allestry at the Bell in St. Pauls Churchyard. 1664.
These first editions of parts I and II do not contain either the Annotations or An Heroical Epistle of Hudibras to Sidrophel, which were added later. The edition of 1674 was a corrected and amended issue, with several additions and annotations. Of the later editions, too numerous to be mentioned, that of 1678 was the last to appear before the death of the author.
The Third and last Part. Written by the author of the First and Second Parts. Printed for Simon Miller, at the sign of the Star at the West end of St. Pauls. 1678, 1679.
As to spurious early editions, see preface to vol. 1 of Collected Works, above.
Ed. Grey, Z. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1744. [With Hogarths cuts. Still valuable.]
Ed. Nash, T. R. 3 vols. 1793. 2 vols. 1835, 1847.
Ed. Johnson, R. B. 2 vols. 1893. [Contains useful bibliography of illustrated editions, translations, imitations, etc.]
Ed. Milnes, A. 18813, 1895.
Among the works which contributed ingredients to the satire of Hudibras may be mentioned the following:
Caelius Rhodiginus, Ludovicus. Lectionum Antiquarum libri triginta. 1516.
Cornelius Agrippa, Henricus. De occulta philosophia. libri III. 1533.
De incertitudini et vanitate scientiarum declamatio invectiva. 1529.
Digby, Sir Kenelm. A late Discourse touching the Cure of Wounds by the Powder of Sympathy. 1658.
Earle, John. Microcosmographie, or A Piece of the World. 1628.
Erasmus, D. Adagia. Basel, 1551.
Moriæ Encomium. Ed. Kan, I. B. 1898.
Hall, Joseph. Characters of Vertues and Vices. 1608.
Overbury, Sir T. Characters or witty descriptions of the Properties of Sundry persons. 1614. 10th ed. 1756.
Rabelais, François. uvres. Eleven eds. Lyons, Jean Martin, 15581608. Ed. Marty-Laveaux, C. 6 vols. Paris, 18681903.
Scarron, P. Le Virgile travesti. 1648.
For the subject-matter of the poem Calvins Institution de la Religion Chrétienne (1859), Neals History of the Puritans (4 vols., 17328) with Zachary Greys Examinations of vols. III and IV, Clement Walkers History of Independency (four parts, 1661) and John Walkers Sufferings of the Episcopal Clergy of the Church of England (1714) may be consulted, together with the bibliography to Miltons Prose Works, ante, Vol. VII, pp. 471 ff., Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell, ed. Lomas, S. C., 3 vols., 1904, and the general historical authorities on the period, including Massons Life of Milton (6 vol., 185880)
III. Other Works
The Genuine Remains in Verse and Prose of Mr. Samuel Butler
. Published from the original Manuscripts, formerly in the possession of W. Longueville
. Ed. Thyer, R. 2 vols. 1759.
Posthumous Works in Prose and Verse
These are mainly spurious, in common with most of the fugitive pieces attributed to Butler, save those included in Thyers ed. above. For a list of attributed writings and of contributions to other works, see R. B. Johnsons ed. above, vol. 1, pp. lix ff. The question of the posthumous writings, etc., will be dealt with in vol. III. of the Collected Works above mentioned.
B. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM
Beljame, A. Le Public et les Hommes de Lettres en Angleterre, 16601744. 1881.
Courthope, W. J. A History of English Poetry, vol. III. 1903.
Elton, O. The Augustan Ages. Edinburgh and London, 1899.
Garnett, R. The Age of Dryden. 1907.
Hazlitt, W. Lectures on the English Comic Writers. Edd. Waller, A. R. and Glover, A. 1903.
Pepys, S. Diary. Ed. Wheatley, H. B. 9 vols. 18939.
Previté-Orton, C. W. Political Satire in English Poetry. Cambridge, 1910.
Taine, H. A. History of English Literature. Trans. Van Laun, H. Book III, chapter 1. 1906.
Wendell, B. The Temper of the 17th century. 1904.
Wood, A. Athenae Oxonienses. Ed. Bliss, P. 1815.
A list of the works of Alexander Ross (15901654) is given in G. A. Aitkens notice of him in the D. of N. B. In Musarum Deliciae, 1655, and Wit Restored, 1658, assigned to Mennes, Sir John (15991671), and Smith, Dr. James (160567), may be found earlier specimens of Hudibrastics.