Where there is no law, but every man does what is right in his own eyes, there is the least of real liberty.
Henry M. Robert
Roberts Rules of Order
Revised for Deliberative Assemblies
General Henry M. Robert, U.S. Army
In 1876 General Henry M. Robert set out to bring the rules of the American Congress to members of ordinary societies with the publication of Pocket Manual of Rules of Order. It sold half a million copies before this revision of 1915 and made Roberts name synonymous with the orderly rule of reason in deliberative societies.
Bibliographic Record Order of Precedence of Motions Table of Rules Relating to Motions Preface Introduction Subject Index
CHICAGO: SCOTT, FORESMAN, 1915
NEW YORK: BARTLEBY.COM, 2000
Part I.Rules of Order.
Art. I.How Business Is Conducted in Deliberative Assemblies.
Introduction of Business
What Precedes Debate
Obtaining the Floor
Motions and Resolutions
Stating the Question
Putting the Question and Announcing the Vote
Proper Motions to Use to Accomplish Certain Objects Art. II.General Classification of Motions.
Main or Principal Motions
Some Main and Unclassified Motions Art. III.Privileged Motions.
Fix the Time to which the Assembly shall Adjourn
Take a Recess
Questions of Privilege
General and Special Orders and a Call for the Orders of the Day Art. IV.Incidental Motions.
Questions of Order and Appeal
Suspension of the Rules
Objection to the Consideration of a Question
Division of a Question, and Consideration by Paragraph or Seriatim
Division of the Assembly, and Motions relating to Methods of Voting, or to Closing or Reopening the Polls
Motions relating to Methods of Making, or to Closing or to Reopening Nominations
Requests growing out of Business Pending or that has just been pending, as, a Parliamentary Inquiry, a Request for Information, for Leave to Withdraw a Motion, to Read Papers, to be Excused from a Duty, or for any other Privilege Art. V.Subsidiary Motions.
Lay on the Table
The Previous Question
Limit or Extend Limits of Debate
Postpone Definitely, or to a Certain Time
Commit or Refer, or Recommit
Postpone Indefinitely Art. VI.Some Main and Unclassified Motions.
Take from the Table
Renewal of a Motion
Dilatory, Absurd, or Frivolous Motions
Call of the House Art. VII.Debate.
Decorum in Debate
Closing and Preventing Debate
Principles of Debate and Undebatable Motions Art. VIII.Vote.
Votes that are Null and Void even if Unanimous
Motions requiring more than a Majority Vote Art. IX.Committees and Boards.
Boards of Managers, etc., and Executive Committees
Ex-Officio Members of Boards and Committees
Committees, Special and Standing
Reception of Reports
Adoption or Acceptance of Reports
Committee of the Whole
As if in Committee of the Whole
Informal Consideration Art. X.The Officers and the Minutes.
Chairman or President
Secretary or Clerk
Treasurer Art. XI.Miscellaneous.
Order of Business
Nominations and Elections
Constitutions, By-laws, Rules of Order, and Standing Rules
Amendments of Constitutions, By-laws, and Rules of Order
Part II.Organization, Meetings, and Legal Rights of Assemblies.
Art. XII.Organization and Meetings.
An Occasional or Mass Meeting.
Adoption of Resolutions
Committee to draft Resolutions
Semi-Permanent Mass Meeting
A Permanent Society.
Meeting of a Convention.
An Organized Convention
A Convention not yet Organized Art. XIII.Legal Rights of Assemblies and Trial of Their Members.
Right of an Assembly to Punish its Members
Right of an Assembly to Eject any one from its Place of Meeting
Rights of Ecclesiastical Tribunals
Trial of Members of Societies Plan for Study of Parliamentary Law.