Reference > World Factbook, 2008
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  The World Factbook.  2008.
 
Labor force
 
 
CountryLabor force
Afghanistan15 million (2004 est.)
Albania1.09 million (not including 352,000 emigrant workers) (September 2006 est.)
Algeria9.38 million (2007 est.)
American Samoa17,630 (2005)
Andorra42,420 (2005)
Angola6.573 million (2007 est.)
Anguilla6,049 (2001)
Antigua and Barbuda30,000 (1991)
Argentina16.1 million
note: urban areas only (2007 est.)
Armenia1.2 million (2007 est.)
Aruba41,500 (2004 est.)
Australia10.9 million (2007 est.)
Austria3.56 million (2007 est.)
Azerbaijan5.243 million (2007 est.)
Bahamas, The181,900 (2006)
Bahrain363,000
note: 44% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2007 est.)
Bangladesh69.4 million
note: extensive export of labor to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, and Malaysia; workers' remittances estimated at $4.8 billion in 2005-06. (2007 est.)
Barbados128,500 (2001 est.)
Belarus4.3 million (31 December 2005)
Belgium5.03 million (2007 est.)
Belize113,000
note: shortage of skilled labor and all types of technical personnel (2006 est.)
Benin5.38 million (2007 est.)
Bermuda38,360 (2004)
BhutanNA
note: major shortage of skilled labor
Bolivia4.793 million (2006 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina1.026 million (2001)
Botswana288,400 formal sector employees (2004)
Brazil99.47 million (2007 est.)
British Virgin Islands12,770 (2004)
Brunei180,400 (2006 est.)
Bulgaria3.44 million (2007 est.)
Burkina Faso5 million
note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment (2003)
Burma29.26 million (2007 est.)
Burundi2.99 million (2002)
Cambodia7 million (2003 est.)
Cameroon6.68 million (2007 est.)
Canada17.9 million (2007 est.)
Cape Verde120,600 (1990)
Cayman Islands23,450 (2004)
Central African Republic1.857 million (2006)
Chad3.747 million (2006)
Chile6.97 million (2007 est.)
China803.3 million (2007 est.)
Christmas IslandNA
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsNA
Colombia20.65 million (2007 est.)
Comoros144,500 (1996 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the15 million (2006 est.)
Congo, Republic of theNA
Cook Islands6,820 (2001)
Costa Rica1.946 million
note: this official estimate excludes Nicaraguans living in Costa Rica (2007 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire6.907 million (68% agricultural) (2007 est.)
Croatia1.714 million (2007 est.)
Cuba4.853 million
note: state sector 78%, non-state sector 22% (2007 est.)
Cyprusarea under government control: 391,000
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 95,025 (2007 est.)
Czech Republic5.35 million (2007 est.)
Denmark2.9 million (2007 est.)
Djibouti282,000 (2000)
Dominica25,000 (2000 est.)
Dominican Republic3.986 million (2007 est.)
Ecuador4.55 million (urban) (2007 est.)
Egypt22.49 million (2007 est.)
El Salvador2.87 million (2007 est.)
Equatorial GuineaNA
EritreaNA
Estonia688,000 (2007 est.)
Ethiopia27.27 million (1999)
European Union222.4 million (2006 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)1,724 (est.) (1996)
Faroe Islands24,250 (October 2000)
Fiji137,000 (1999)
Finland2.68 million (2007 est.)
France27.76 million (2007 est.)
French Polynesia65,930 (December 2005)
Gabon582,000 (2007 est.)
Gambia, The400,000 (1996)
Gaza Strip267,000 (2006)
Georgia2.02 million (2007 est.)
Germany43.63 million (2007 est.)
Ghana11.29 million (2007 est.)
Gibraltar12,690 (including non-Gibraltar laborers) (2001)
Greece4.94 million (2007 est.)
Greenland32,120 (2004)
Grenada42,300 (1996)
Guam62,050 (2002 est.)
Guatemala3.958 million (2007 est.)
Guernsey31,470 (March 2006)
Guinea3.7 million (2006 est.)
Guinea-Bissau480,000 (1999)
Guyana418,000 (2001 est.)
Haiti3.6 million
note: shortage of skilled labor, unskilled labor abundant (1995)
Holy See (Vatican City)NA
Honduras2.812 million (2007 est.)
Hong Kong3.64 million (2007 est.)
Hungary4.19 million (2007 est.)
Iceland180,000 (2007 est.)
India516.4 million (2007 est.)
Indonesia108 million (2007 est.)
Iran28.7 million
note: shortage of skilled labor (2006 est.)
Iraq7.4 million (2004 est.)
Ireland2.21 million (2007 est.)
Isle of Man39,690 (2001)
Israel2.88 million (2007 est.)
Italy24.86 million (2007 est.)
Jamaica1.255 million (2007 est.)
Japan66.07 million (2007 est.)
Jersey53,560 (June 2006)
Jordan1.563 million (2007 est.)
Kazakhstan8.156 million (2007 est.)
Kenya11.85 million (2005 est.)
Kiribati7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (2001 est.)
Korea, North20 million
note: estimates vary widely (2004 est.)
Korea, South23.99 million (2007 est.)
Kosovo832,000 (June 2007 est.)
Kosovo832,000 (June 2007 est.)
Kuwait1.167 million
note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 80% of the labor force (2007 est.)
Kyrgyzstan2.7 million (2000)
Laos2.1 million (2006 est.)
Latvia1.136 million (2006 est.)
Lebanon1.5 million
note: in addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (2005 est.)
Lesotho838,000 (2000 est.)
Libya1.82 million (2007 est.)
Liechtenstein29,500 of whom 13,900 commute from Austria, Switzerland, and Germany to work each day (31 December 2001)
Lithuania1.587 million (2007 est.)
Luxembourg205,000 of whom 121,600 are foreign cross-border workers commuting primarily from France, Belgium, and Germany (2007 est.)
Macau275,000 (2006)
Macedonia890,000 (2007 est.)
Madagascar7.3 million (2000)
Malawi4.5 million (2001 est.)
Malaysia10.91 million (2007 est.)
Maldives101,300 (2004)
Mali3.93 million (2001 est.)
Malta164,000 (2006 est.)
Marshall Islands14,680 (2000)
Mauritania786,000 (2001)
Mauritius550,000 (2007 est.)
Mayotte44,560 (2002)
Mexico45.38 million (2007 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of37,410 (2000)
Moldova1.333 million (2007 est.)
Monaco44,000
note: includes workers from all foreign countries (2005 est.)
Mongolia1.042 million (2006)
Montenegro259,100 (2004)
Montserrat4,521
note: lowered by flight of people from volcanic activity (2000 est.)
Morocco11.35 million (2007 est.)
Mozambique9.6 million (2007 est.)
Namibia660,000 (2007 est.)
Nepal11.11 million
note: severe lack of skilled labor (2006 est.)
Netherlands7.5 million (2007 est.)
Netherlands Antilles83,600 (2005)
New Caledonia78,990 (2004)
New Zealand2.23 million (2007 est.)
Nicaragua2.262 million (2007 est.)
Niger70,000 salaried workers, 60% of whom are employed in the public sector (1995)
Nigeria50.13 million (2007 est.)
Niue663 (2001)
Norfolk IslandNA
Northern Mariana Islands44,470 total indigenous labor force; 2,699 unemployed; 28,717 foreign workers (2000)
Norway2.5 million (2007 est.)
Oman920,000 (2002 est.)
Pakistan49.18 million
note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor (2007 est.)
Palau9,777 (2005)
Panama1.471 million
note: shortage of skilled labor, but an oversupply of unskilled labor (2007 est.)
Papua New Guinea3.557 million (2007 est.)
Paraguay2.735 million (2007)
Peru9.419 million (2007 est.)
Philippines36.22 million (2007 est.)
Pitcairn Islands15 able-bodied men (2004)
Poland17.01 million (2007 est.)
Portugal5.62 million (2007 est.)
Puerto Rico1.3 million (2000)
Qatar638,000 (2007 est.)
Romania9.35 million (2007 est.)
Russia75.1 million (November 2007 est.)
Rwanda4.6 million (2000)
Saint Helena2,486
note: 1,200 work offshore (1998 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis18,170 (June 1995)
Saint Lucia43,800 (2001 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon3,450 (2005)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines41,680 (1991 est.)
Samoa90,000 (2000 est.)
San Marino20,470 (2004)
Sao Tome and Principe35,050 (1991)
Saudi Arabia6.488 million
note: more than 35% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2007 est.)
Senegal4.85 million (2007 est.)
Serbia2.961 million for Serbia (includes Kosovo) (2002 est.)
Seychelles30,900 (1996)
Sierra Leone1.369 million (1981 est.)
Singapore2.67 million (2007 est.)
Slovakia2.661 million (2007 est.)
Slovenia920,000 (2007 est.)
Solomon Islands249,200 (1999)
Somalia3.7 million (few skilled laborers) (1975)
South Africa20.49 million economically active (2007 est.)
Spain22.01 million (2007 est.)
Sri Lanka7.67 million (2007 est.)
Sudan7.415 million (1996 est.)
Suriname156,700 (2004)
SvalbardNA
Swaziland300,000 (2006)
Sweden4.66 million (2007 est.)
Switzerland3.85 million (2007 est.)
Syria5.457 million (2007 est.)
Taiwan10.78 million (2007 est.)
Tajikistan3.7 million (2003)
Tanzania19.69 million (2007 est.)
Thailand37.12 million (2007 est.)
Timor-LesteNA
Togo1.302 million (1998)
Tokelau440 (2001)
Tonga33,910 (2003)
Trinidad and Tobago615,400 (2007 est.)
Tunisia3.591 million (2007 est.)
Turkey25.27 million
note: about 1.2 million Turks work abroad (2007 est.)
Turkmenistan2.32 million (2003 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands4,848 (1990 est.)
Tuvalu3,615 (2004 est.)
Uganda14.05 million (2007 est.)
Ukraine21.63 million (2007 est.)
United Arab Emirates3.119 million (2007 est.)
United Kingdom30.71 million (2007 est.)
United States153.1 million (includes unemployed) (2007 est.)
Uruguay1.5 million (2007 est.)
Uzbekistan14.6 million (2007 est.)
Vanuatu76,410 (1999)
Venezuela12.5 million (2007 est.)
Vietnam45.73 million (2007 est.)
Virgin Islands43,980 (2004 est.)
Wallis and Futuna3,104 (2003)
West Bank605,000 (2006)
Western Sahara12,000
World3.001 billion (2007 est.)
Yemen6.316 million (2007 est.)
Zambia4.989 million (2007 est.)
Zimbabwe3.998 million (2007 est.)

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