Reference > Roget’s > International Thesaurus > 839. Lamentation.
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Mawson, C.O.S., ed. (1870–1938). Roget’s International Thesaurus. 1922.
 
Class VI. Words Relating to the Sentient and Moral Powers
Section II. Personal Affections
1. Passive Affections
 
839. [Expression of Pain.] Lamentation.
 
  
NOUN:LAMENTATION, lament, wail, complaint, plaint, murmur, mutter, grumble, groan, moan, whine, whimper, sob, sigh, suspiration, deep sigh; frown, scowl.
  CRY (vociferation) [See Cry]; scream, howl; outcry, wail, wail of woe.
  WEEPING &c. v.; tear; flood of tears, fit of crying, lachrymation [rare], crying; melting mood; “weeping and gnashing of teeth” [Bible].
  plaintiveness &c. adj.; languishment; condolence [See Condolence].
  MOURNING, weeds [colloq.], widow’s weeds, willow, cypress, crape, deep mourning; sackcloth and ashes; lachrymatory, tear bottle, lachrymals or lacrimals; knell [See Interment]; dump [obs.], death song, dirge, coronach [Scot. & Ir.], nenia, requiem, elegy, epicedium; threne [rare], menody, threnody; jeremiad or jeremiade, ululation, keen [Ir.], ullalulla [Ir.].
  MOURNER, keener [Ir.]; grumbler (discontent) [See Discontent]; Niobe; Heraclitus, Jeremiah, Mrs. Gummidge.
  
VERB:LAMENT, mourn, deplore, grieve, keen [Ir.], weep over; bewail, bemoan; condole with [See Condolence]; fret (suffer) [See Pain]; wear -, go into -, put on- mourning; wear -the willow, - sackcloth and ashes; infandum renovare dolorem [Vergil] (regret) [See Regret]; give sorrow words.
  SIGH; give -, heave -, fetch- a sigh; “waft a sigh from Indus to the pole” [Pope]; sigh “like furnace” [As You Like It]; wail.
  CRY, weep, sob, greet [archaic or Scot.], blubber, snivel, bibber, whimper, pule; pipe, pipe one’s eye [both slang, orig. naut.]; drop -, shed- -tears, - a tear; melt -, burst- into tears; fondre en larmes [F.], cry oneself blind, cry one’s eyes out; yammer [dial.].
  scream &c. (cry out) [See Cry]; mew &c. (animal sounds) [See Ululation]; groan, moan, whine, yelp, howl, yell, ululate; roar; roar -, bellow- like a bull; cry out lustily, rend the air.
  SHOW SIGNS OF GRIEF; frown, scowl, make a wry face, gnash one’s teeth, wring one’s hands, tear one’s hair, beat one’s breast, roll on the ground, burst with grief.
  COMPLAIN, murmur, mutter, grumble, growl, clamor, make a fuss about, croak, grunt, maunder [obs.]; deprecate (disapprove) [See Disapprobation].
  cry out before one is hurt, complain without cause.
  
ADJECTIVE:LAMENTING &c. v.; in mourning, in sackcloth and ashes; ululant, ululative [obs.], clamorous; crying -, lamenting- to high heaven, sorrowing, sorrowful (unhappy) [See Pain]; mournful, tearful; lachrymose, lachrymal or lacrimal, lachrymatory, plaintive, plaintful; querulous, querimonious; in the melting mood.
  IN TEARS, with tears in one’s eyes; with moistened eyes, with watery eyes; bathed -, dissolved- in tears; “like Niobe, all tears” [Hamlet].
  elegiac, epicedial, threnetic or threnetical.
  
ADVERB:de profundis [L.], les larmes aux yeux [F.].
  
INTERJECTION:ALAS! alack! heigh-ho! O dear! ah me! woe is me! lackadaisy! well a day! lack a day! alack a day! wellaway! alas the day! O tempora, O mores! [L.]; what a pity! miserabile dictu! [L.]; too true!
  
QUOTATIONS:
  1. Tears standing in the eyes, tears starting from the eyes; eyes -suffused, - swimming, - brimming, - overflowing- with tears.
  2. If you have tears prepare to shed them now.—Julius Cæsar
  3. Interdum lacrymæ pondera vocis habent.—Ovid
  4. Strangled his language in his tears.—Henry VIII
  5. Tears such as angels weep.—Paradise Lost
  6. She wept, she blubbered, and she tore her hair.—Swift
  7. Laughter is at all ages the natural recognition of destruction, confusion, and ruin.—Shaw

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